Centre for Philosophy of Science Lisbon Applied Evolutionary Epistemology Lab

AppEEL consults the following international experts for advice (click on the picture to be redirected to the board member's personal page).

Michael Bradie Michael Bradie is Professor in Philosophy of Science at Bowling Green State University, Ohio, where he teaches courses on philosophy of science, (evolutionary) epistemology, and logic. He is a leading expert in the field of Evolutionary Epistemology, and famous for distinguishing between the EET – The Evolutionary Epistemology of Theories and EEM program – The evolution of epistemological Mechanisms in 1986. He is currently working on a project exploring the implications of evolutionary theory, cognitive neuroscience and cognitive ethology for our understanding of the nature of morality.
Bradie has been involved in developing interdisciplinary courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels in the philosophy of biology and the philosophy of physics at Bowling Green State, and he has been a Visiting Scholar at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard(1984), Visiting Scholar in the History and Philosophy of Science Department, Indiana University (1986), and a Visiting Fellow at the Center for the Philosophy of Science at theUniversity of Pittsburgh (1992-93).
He serves on the editorial board of Philosophy of Science; Biological Theory; and Brain and the Behavioral Sciences and is a member of the AAAS; The Philosophy of Science Association; The British Society for the Philosophy of Science; Sigma Xi, Society for the Study of Social Biology;  The International Society for History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology; APA; the New York Academy of Sciences; and the Human Behavior and Evolution Society.
Professor Bradie has published numerous articles, reviews and books on the philosophy of science and epistemology, which include a special issue for Biology and Philosophy honouring Richard Lewontin (1999); The Secret Chain: Evolution and Ethics (1995); The Applied Turn in Contemporary Philosophy (with Nicholas Rescher and Thomas Attig, 1983); Social Justice (with David Braybrooke, 1982); Reason and Decision, with Kenneth Sayre, 1981); and Action and Responsibility (with Myles Brand, 1980).

Niles Eldredge Niles Eldredge is Curator Emeritus in the Division of Paleontology and Biodiversity, and Professor Emeritus at the Richard Gilder Graduate School, both at the American Museum of Natural History, New York; as well as Professor Emeritus at the City University of New York's Biology Department; and the Geology Department at Columbia University.
A specialist in mid-Paleozoic phacopid trilobites, Dr. Eldredge, along with Stephen Jay Gould of Harvard, founded the theory of Punctuated Equilibria in 1972. Their theory asserts that evolution occurs in dramatic spurts interspersed with long periods of stasis. Niles Eldredge is furthermore a leading expert in hierarchy theory, biodiversity and conservation biology, pioneer in demonstrating how environmental change causes life to evolve, as well as a famous critic of gene-centric views on evolution and intelligent design movements.
Eldredge also studies Anthropology, and in recent years, he has taken on the study of the macroevolutionary patterns that underlie cultural evolution.
He curated the international Darwin exhibit, which was launched at the American Museum of Natural History, and afterwards travelled to Boston, Toronto, Chicago, London and Portugal. He is the editor-in-chief of the Springer Journal Evolution, Education and Outreach; and has published more than 160 scientific articles, books, and reviews, including Phylogenetic Patterns and the Evolutionary Process: Method and Theory in Comparative Biology (1980 and together with J. Cracraft); Living Fossils (1984 and together with S.M. Stanley); Unfinished Synthesis (1985); Macroevolutionary Dynamics (1989); Systematics, Ecology and the Biodiversity Crisis (1992); Reinventing Darwin: The Great Debate at the High Table of Evolutionary Theory (1995); Life in the Balance (1998); The Pattern of Evolution (1999); and Discovering the Tree of Life (2005).

Francesco d'Errico Francesco d'Errico is Professor in Archeology and Director of the Departement of Prehistory, Paleoenvironment and Cultural Heritage at the University of Bordeaux; Director of research with the French Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique; and Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Bergen, Norway. In the past, he has held appointments at the Department of Anthropology of Princeton University; the Institute for Human Origin, University of Witswatersrand, Johannesburg; the Department of Anthropology at George Washington University; the Cambridge McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research; and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Institut de Paléontologie Humaine, Paris.
D'Errico is a leading expert on the evolution of hominin cognitive abilities and the origin of behavioral modernity in human and Neanderthal species. Together with Christopher Henshilwood, he currently is the co-principal investigator of a European Research Council-funded project called Tracsymbols, that aims to examine how key behavioral innovations emerged among Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis in southern Africa and Europe respectively, and explore whether and how environmental variability influenced this development between 180 – 25 ka.
He also referees for the Wenner Gren Foundation, EUROCORES, The European Research Council and the French Fyssen Foundation.
He has authored more than 200 papers as well as the following books: Becoming eloquent: Advances on the emergence of language, human cognition, and modern cultures (2009, with J.M.  Hombert); From tools to symbols: From Early Hominids to Modern Humans (2005, with L. Blackwell); The Chronology of the Aurignacian and of the Transitional Technocomplexes (2003, with J. Zilhão); Die Gravierten Frauendarstellungen von Gönnersdorf. Der Magdalenien-Fundplatz Gönnersdorf (2001, with G. Bosinki and P. Schiller); and L'art gravé azilien (1995).

Clifford Alan Hooker Clifford Alan Hooker is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the Australian University of Newcastle. He holds a PhD in both Physics as well as Philosophy and specializes in Complex Adaptive System models based on non-linear dynamical system theory. Hooker is a pioneering and leading voice in Evolutionary Epistemology and renowned for authoring Reason, Regulation, and Realism: Toward a Regulatory Systems Theory of Reason and Evolutionary Epistemology (1995) and editing,  in collaboration with Kai Hahlweg, the anthology Issues in Evolutionary Epistemology (1989).
He is Director of the Complex Adaptive Systems Research Group, a group that researches the foundations of self-organization, bio-cognitive organization, and sustainable development; as well as Director of Assessing Sustainability Dimensions and Impacts, The Cooperative Research Centre for Coal in Sustainable Development; a centre that aims to re-focus sustainable development around resiliency.  
Hooker is Vice President of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science’s Division of Logic, Methodology & Philosophy of Science; member of the Australian Council of Learned Academies’ Research Committee; Interdisciplinary Research Fellow for the Institute for Values, Ethics & Law in Medicine at the University of Sydney; and Member of the Energy Committee of the Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering, also at the University of Sydney.
He is the author/editor of more than 100 research papers on philosophy of evolutionary sciences and over 20 books which include the 3-volumed work on Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science (1975 and with WL Harper); the 2-volumed work on Foundations and Applications of Decision Theory (1978 and with JJ Leach and EF McClennen); and The human context for science and technology (1982).

Fran P. Ryan Frank P. Ryan is a Medical Adviser for Sheffield's Primary Care Trust; Honorary Research Fellow in Evolutionary Biology for the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at the UK's Sheffield University; Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, the Royal Society of Medicine, and the Linnaean Society of London. He's a leading voice on the role pandemic plagues play in evolution; pioneers in understanding viruses as symbionts; and implements symbiogenesis, virolution and epigenetics in modern human medicine. He's especially interested in retroviral symbiosis and how Human Endogenous Retroviruses contribute to normal development, cancer and diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis.  He authored a 5-part long article for the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine wherein he provides a groundbreaking alternative approach to medical genetics (2009); as well as several books on the subject including: The Forgotten Plague (1993); Virus X (1998); Darwin's blind spot (2002); Tuberculosis (2006); and Virolution (2009). He recently took on the study of metamorphosis (The mystery of Metamorphisis, 2011).
Frank Ryan is former Director of the Department of Gastroenterology at the Northern General Hospital, Sheffield; and co-founder of the Institute of Nutrition at the Northern General Hospital, both in the UK. His medical career made him an international expert on gastroenterology and diseases related to nutrition. He is one of the physicians who initiated research into the role Omega 3 and 6 play in human health (The Eskimo Diet: How to Avoid a Heart Attack, with Reg Saynor, 1990; The Brain Food Diet, 2007).
Ryan is also a widely acclaimed contemporary fiction and fantasy writer, http://www.frankpryan.com/page13.htm, and regularly reviews books for the New York Times.

Fran P. Ryan Ian Tattersall is Curator Emeritus in the Department of Anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City; and Professor in Anthropology at both Columbia University as well as the PhD Program in Anthropology of the City University of New York. Trained in Archaeology and Anthropology at Cambridge, and in Geology and Vertebrate Paleontology at Yale, Tattersall has concentrated his research over the past quarter-century in two main areas, in both of which he is an internationally renowned leader: the analysis of the human fossil record, and the study of the ecology and systematics of the lemurs of Madagascar. Born in England and raised in East Africa, he has carried out fieldwork in countries as diverse as Madagascar, Vietnam, Surinam, Yemen, and Mauritius.
As curator, he has been responsible for several major exhibits at the American Museum of Natural History, including Ancestors: Four Million Years of Humanity (1984); Dark Caves, Bright Visions: Life in Ice Age Europe (1986); Madagascar: Island of the Ancestors (1989); and the highly acclaimed Hall of Human Biology and Evolution (1993).
He regularly writes for Scientific American, and published over 200 scientific publications, amongst which are 14 books, including The Primates of Madagascar (1982); The Myths of Human Evolution (with N. Eldredge; 1982); The Fossil Trail (1995); Becoming Human (1998);  The Last Neanderthal (1999); Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory (with E. Delson,  J. Van Couvering and A.S. Brooks; 1999); Extinct Humans (with J. Schwartz; 2000), and The Human Fossil Record (also with J.H. Schwartz, 2002).

Fran P. Ryan Douglas P. Zook holds a PhD in Biology awarded by Clark University, USA and the German University of Tübingen. He is Associate Professor of Science Education and Global Ecology and directs the MAT program in science education at Boston University. Boston University was also the home base of Professor Lynn Margulis, founder of the modern field on Symbiosis studies, before she moved to the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Zook now teaches her course on Symbiosis. He is the former President and current Vice-President of the International Symbiosis Society (http://iss-symbiosis.org). He is a select member of the National Academy of Sciences' Science Education Standards. He is a leading expert in symbiosis, global ecology, climate change, tropical rainforest conservation, and in bringing symbiosis studies into the science curriculum.
He is the organizer and lead instructor of approximately 480 workshops on central themes of the importance of microbial life, symbiotic systems, and global ecology. These intensive multi-day or multi-week sessions are conducted at Boston University to teachers from throughout the United States and presented in other countries, including Spain, Oxford University in England, New Zealand, Canada, and Puerto Rico.
Zook is also Co-founder and Co-Chair of sedGreen, a unique collective of students, faculty and staff based at the Boston University's School of Education who volunteer time to educate the community about how to build healthier relationships between human beings and the earth that sustains us.
Amongst his popular writings are Inner Space Journeys to Life on Earth: A standards-Based Companion for Science Educators (1995) and The Microcosmos Curriculum Guide to Exploring Microbial Space (1992).